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盛放的红玫瑰:兰卡斯特徽标的由来TheHistoryoftheRedRose

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兰卡斯特啤酒厂标志的灵感来自红玫瑰,它实际上是一个中世纪的纹章符号。

The Red Rose, on which Lancaster Brewery logo is inspired, is actually a Medieval symbol and heraldic device.



兰卡斯特红玫瑰的起源可以追溯到英格兰爱德华一世的金玫瑰徽章。当时,他的其他家庭成员使用皇家徽章的变体来标识他们的房子。其中,国王的弟弟兰卡斯特伯爵使用了一朵红玫瑰。
The origins of the Red Rose of Lancaster can be traced back to the gold rose badge of Edward I of England. At the time, other members of his family used variants of the royal badge, to identify their houses. Among the others, the king's brother, the Earl of Lancaster, used a Red Rose.


后来,兰卡斯特的红玫瑰在玫瑰战争期间被用作兰卡斯特家族的徽章。以红玫瑰为族徽的兰卡斯特家族,和以白玫瑰为族徽的约克家族,为了争夺王位爆发了战争。经过大文豪莎士比亚和其他作家的笔墨,玫瑰战争的名字也由此而来并广为流传。
Later on, the Red Rose of Lancaster was used as badge of the House of Lancaster during the Wars of the Roses. As it can be imagined, the Wars of the Roses take their name from the colour of the roses – red for Lancaster and white for York – that each house used as their emblem. This legend took root after William Shakespeare and others wrote about it.


亨利都铎(亨利七世),一位来自兰卡斯特的里士满伯爵,在1485年8月22日的博斯沃思战役中击败了约克人---国王理查三世,赢得了战争。人物画像中,亨利七世手握一朵红玫瑰。
Henry Tudor (Henry VII), earl of Richmond and a Lancastrian, won the war by defeating King Richard III, a Yorkist, at the battle of Bosworth Field on 22 August 1485. In the portrait below he is, in fact, holding a red rose in his hand. 



玫瑰战争之后,1486年1月,亨利七世(兰卡斯特家族)和伊丽莎白(约克家族)缔结姻缘,红白玫瑰合二为一,从此,象征着和平与和谐重临的都铎玫瑰诞生了。作为一种朴素的纹章宣传品,都铎玫瑰成为了英国的国花,象征着希望、繁荣和团结。
Following the Wars of the Roses, the marriage in January 1486 between Henry VII (House of Lancaster) and Elizabeth (House of York) led to the creation of the Tudor Rose, combining the so-called Lancastrian red rose and the White Rose of York. This floral union neatly symbolised the restoration of peace and harmony. As a brilliant piece of simple heraldic propaganda, the Tudor Rose became the national flower of England and is regarded as a symbol of hope, prosperity and unity.



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